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Mart 10, 2009
Thrice blessed, myrrh-breathing city of the Lycians…
Emperor Constantine Porphrogenitus describled the city as “Thrice blessed, myrrh-breathing city of the Lycians, where the mighty Nicolaus, servant of God, spouts forth myrrh in accordance with the city’s name.” Kas is a small historical town on the south coast of Turkey. It was one of the most important marine cities and wine production sites of the Lycian civilization and is now surrounded by rock tombs and ruins of the ancient city Antiphellos. Right across from Kas, there is the Greek island Kastelorizo . It is only 3 miles (5 km) away from Kas. There are daily excursions by boats to Kastelorizo and also to another antique city of Lycian Civilization, the Kekova Island. Kas is the marriage of beauty and the deep blue Mediterranean Sea. In Kas, the center of the historic Lycian Region, the Taurus Mountains embrace the sea as they continue to the great depths of the Mediterranean. The area is rocky all around, which helps to keep the bay crystal clear. Kas was once the site of an ancient city Antiphellos. Today the only remains of this Lycian city are the rock-cut tombs and sarcophagi. You can wander through the streets stopping to examine the souvenir shops that offer Turkish handicrafts, leather goods, silver items, cotton clothing, and handmade carpets. After shopping, stroll along the flower-lined Akdeniz Promenade or relax under the shade of a palm tree. There are many bars and restaurants in Kas that offer plenty of night life. Some says Kaş is beautifully situated in a curving bay underneath the 500 meters high cliffs of the Yatan Adam (Sleeping Man) mountain from which there is a startling view on the bay and the oGreek island of Kastellorizo (Meis in Turkish) opposite. Until 1923 Kaş was also populated by Greek fishermen and was known as Andifli. It was a sleepy fishing village until the early 1980. Present-day Kaş is one of the fastest expanding towns in the field of tourism on the Turquoise Coast and has become a stylish holiday resort with some of the best shops and restaurants on the Mediterranean. The small town is a center for arts and crafts, jewellery and textiles. There are plenty of excellent restaurants, bars and cafes. On the site of present-day Kaş there was the town of Antiphellos, the harbor of ancient Phellos. The original name of the town was Habesos or Habesa in the ancient Lycian tongue. Antiphellos grew in size and became important in Hellenistic times and by the Roman era, it was the most important city in the region. The most interesting is definitely the Lion Tomb amidst the carpet shops on Uzun Çarşı Caddesi. It is a Lycian sarcophagus with two burial chambers. Another important remain, just outside of town, is the almost intact Hellenistic theatre with 26 rows of seats that could hold up to 4,000 people. The tribunes and outer walls are still visible today, (Luc Wouters,2006) In the early 1980s has become a holiday metropolis, whose permanent population of 8000 is vastly outnumbered in summer by the vacationers on whom locals depend for a living.
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